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LARRY SMITH  |  Special Guest Contributor

School can be a difficult environment for many students, but discrimination makes it particularly hard for LGBT youth.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students suffer from a lack of policies to support them. There is also a failure to implement or enforce policies that do exist. The hostile educational environment that LGBT youth often face takes a toll on their mental health and well-being. They still have to face both physical and psychological risks at too many educational institutions.

Progress over the past two decades

In 2001, a report published in Human Rights Watch called “Hatred in the Hallways: Discrimination against LGBT Students in U.S. Schools” spelled out how rampant discrimination existed against LGBT youth in education. It urged school officials and policymakers to pay attention and make changes. Since then, there has been more recognition that LGBT youth are an at-risk population and that all students should feel welcome and safe when attending school.

However, progress has not been made in all states and school districts. In a number of states, LGBT youth still don’t get the same level of support as other students. In the states of Alabama, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Utah, Texas, Arizona, Mississippi and Louisiana, there are laws that restrict teachers from talking about LGBT issues at school.

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Main areas of concern

According to the U.S. Constitution and fundamental human rights, all citizens have a right to freedom from discrimination. Every citizen has a right to an education. The following are some of the broad areas of concern where human rights are being violated:

  • Bullying and harassment
  • Exclusion from school curricula and resources
  • Restrictions on LGBT student groups
  • Bigotry based on sexual orientation and gender identity

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LGBT experiences in school

LGBT youth often face identity problems, negative messaging and a lack of support from family. As a result, they are more likely to suffer abuse. Teachers may even join in the mocking.

Students find there’s a lack of information about LGBT issues in school libraries. They can’t get the information they need on health and well-being like their heterosexual peers. Laws restricting talking about LGBT issues means teachers and counselors can’t help with useful information either.

How can counselors counsel LGBT students when they can’t talk about LGBT issues?

Bigotry against transgender students takes various forms, such as limiting participation in extra-curricular activities and restricting bathroom and locker room access. LGBT youth may be mocked for their dress style when attending special events like homecoming or even excluded from such events.

A persistent pattern of exclusion and marginalization makes LGBT youth feel unsafe. Feeling unsafe impacts their mental health and sense of well-being.

Student alliances

LGBT youth on college campuses may organize gay-straight alliances. They can become supportive spaces and provide important resources for students. However, some of the clubs still face obstacles from school administrators. This can make it difficult to form and operate them.

What can be done?

A comprehensive approach is needed to make school environments more welcoming. Students should be able to socialize with peers without facing bullying, humiliation or violence.

  • States need to repeal laws that prohibit discussing LGBT issues. They should formulate policies to protect LGBT students.
  • Where policies are already in place, teachers and administrators need to enforce them so that they become more meaningful.
  • Teachers and staff should receive training to help them understand the issues that LGBT youth face. Ignorance is one of the main reasons why they may still discriminate against these students.


Today there are about 20 states that have laws to prohibit the bullying of students based on sexual orientation and gender identity. More states need to make such laws and ensure they are enforced. States that are still not offering enough support to LGBT youth need to reconsider any policies they have that don’t protect human rights.

Schools in the U.S. are where students are educated, socialized and provided with services. Unless reforms are made in schools, the attitudes of adult populations are not going to change.

Larry Smith has been in the writing field for several years and has covered many niches during his experience with different websites and content agencies. He has worked hard and with full dedication to reach the position where he is today. He loves it when he sees that a student has received high grades due to his writing assistance and tutorials.